December 1, 2020, 3:04 am


International Correspondent

Published:
2020-10-23 12:00:34 BdST

EU urges WHO to change handling of pandemic


The European Union wants the World Health Organisation to become more transparent about how states report emerging health crises, a draft proposal on reforming the UN agency says, following criticism of China’s initial handling of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The paper, drawn up by the German government after discussions with other member states, is the latest to outline the EU’s months-long plans to address the WHO’s shortcomings on funding, governance and legal powers.

The document, dated Oct 19 and seen by Reuters, urges the WHO to adopt measures that would increase “transparency on national compliance” with International Health Regulations. These require WHO member states to quickly share information on health emergencies.

The United States has accused the WHO of being too close to China in the first phase of the pandemic, when Beijing was slow in sharing crucial information on the new coronavirus - which first appeared in the city of Wuhan.

President Donald Trump has said the United States will end its membership of the agency and stop its funding as a result.

The WHO has repeatedly dismissed the allegations. It did not respond to requests for comment on the EU proposal.

Asked about the document on Thursday, Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said China wanted to “actively participate” in WHO reform, which he said should not serve the interests of any one country.

Reforms should “better remove political interference” from the WHO, increase its resources and ability to deal with global public health crises, and strengthen support for developing countries, he said in Beijing.

The German government declined to comment on the content of the document as it was still a draft.

The EU and its states are among the WHO’s largest donors, and would become by far the top public contributors if the United States withdraws from the UN agency.

The EU draft will be discussed by EU health ministers at a video conference next week and is aimed to be the EU’s common position ahead of the WHO assembly in mid-November, it said.

It reiterates EU support for the WHO and stresses the agency’s central role in addressing global health challenges.

However, it lists insufficient transparency as the first of many challenges faced by the UN agency, as well as a lack of “predictable and sustainable” financing.

It also calls for “a more effective and consistently applied reporting system by State Parties to the WHO Secretariat”.

That appears to be addressing criticisms that China and other countries have not shared information on the pandemic in a timely fashion.

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